In 1932, Anderson became the first African American to receive an air transport license.
Completed first transcontinental round trip flight by black pilots from Atlantic City, New Jersey to Los Angeles, California with Dr. Albert E. Forsythe.
Served as the as the Chief Civilian Flight Instructor in Tuskegee, Alabama for its new program to train black pilots. He developed a training program, taught the first advanced course, and earned his nickname, “Chief.”
Was selected by the Army as Tuskegee’s Ground Commander and Chief Instructor for aviation cadets of the 99th Pursuit Squadron, America’s first all-black fighter squadron which would eventually join three other squadrons of Tuskegee Airmen in the 332nd Fighter Group, the “Red Tails.”
Provided ground and flight training to black and white students under the G.I. Bill, as well as Army and Air Force ROTC cadets. Anderson instructed students until 1989.
In 1967, Anderson co-founded Negro Airmen International.